Updated on

Orthodontic Treatment Options: Everything You Need to Know

Disclosure: Links on this site may receive a commission, this does not affect the price you pay and help us cover the costs of running this website.

Orthodontic treatments are designed to align the teeth and improve overall oral health. There are several different types of orthodontic treatments available, each with their own unique set of benefits and drawbacks. For example, traditional metal braces are a popular option for many patients. Another type of treatment is clear aligners; nevertheless, the best type of orthodontic treatment is one that meets your individual needs and goals.

What is Orthodontics in Dentistry?

Sometimes there is a misunderstanding of what is orthodontics in dentistry? Orthodontics is a subfield of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of dental and facial irregularities. This can include problems such as crooked or misaligned teeth, improperly positioned gums, and issues with bite alignment.

what is orthodontics in dentistry

And when it comes to the question “what is orthodontic treatment” the answer is in the main process. An orthodontist will use a wide range of tools and techniques to address any issues, from the use of braces and retainers to more complex procedures like surgical repositioning. The whole process is called orthodontic treatment.
Whether you are dealing with minor cosmetic issues or more serious functional challenges, an orthodontist can help you achieve a healthy, beautiful smile that you can feel confident about showing off. So if you’re looking for the excellent care and top-quality results, look no further than orthodontics in dentistry.

Difference Between a Dentist and an Orthodontist

At first glance, a dentist and an orthodontist may seem like very similar professions. After all, both are involved in helping patients maintain healthy teeth and gums. However, there are actually some important differences between these two types of dental professionals.

For one thing, while dentists specialize in general oral care and provide a range of services such as cleanings, fillings, and crowns, orthodontists focus specifically on areas such as jaw alignment, bite problems, and crooked teeth.

Who is a Specialist in Orthodontics?

A specialist in orthodontics is someone who has received extensive training and certification in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of malocclusion and other dental or facial irregularities. In addition to providing general orthodontic care, these specialists are also well-versed in advanced treatment techniques such as Invisalign and x-rays. They have a deep understanding of facial structures and bone growth, as well as the latest technological advances in orthodontics.

How Do Orthodontic Treatments Work?

What is an orthodontic treatment? Orthodontic treatments are designed to help improve a person’s overall dental health and appearance. These treatments utilize a variety of specialized tools and techniques to gradually straighten teeth, correct spacing issues, and align the jaw. let’s have a look at the process of orthodontic treatments. If you are eager to know how to speed up an orthodontic treatment consult the specialist and follow the directions.

If you doubt how long does an orthodontic treatment take, you should consider the severity of your dental problem. In any case, the ultimate goal of orthodontic treatment is to improve both dental health and aesthetic appearance for maximum benefit to each individual patient.

Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment

Malocclusion, or poor alignment of the teeth and jaws, is a common issue that affects millions of people around the world. For those with severe malocclusion, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct the problem and improve both dental health and facial appearance. 

Three Classes of Malocclusions

We differenciate 3 classes of Malocclusion:

  • Class 1 Malocclusion

Class 1 malocclusion is a type of dental condition characterized by misaligned teeth and an improper bite. In cases of class 1 malocclusion, the molar position or bite is normal, but there may be other teeth that are impacted in some way. These anomalies can include overcrowding or overlapping of certain teeth, misalignment along the vertical plane, or deviation along the horizontal plane.

  • Class 2 Malocclusion

Retrognathism or class 2 malocclusion, also known as an overbite, is a common dental condition in which the upper jaw and teeth severely overlap the bottom jaw and teeth. This condition can cause a number of problems, including increased bite force and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) issues. 

  • Class 3 Malocclusion

Class 3 malocclusion is a serious condition that can be challenging to treat. This condition involves multiple, complex issues such as skeletal structures of the maxilla and mandible. Due to these inter-related issues, treating class 3 malocclusion requires a multi-tiered approach that typically involves both surgical and non-surgical interventions. 

The Different Types of Malocclusions

When it comes to malocclusions, or dental issues caused by misalignment of the teeth and jaw, there are many different types that can occur. Some of the most common types include:

Each of these malocclusions can lead to a different set of issues such as tooth decay and gum disease if they are not treated properly. Thus, ask the specialist for an orthodontic treatment option that will work for you. 


Overbite teeth are a widespread dental issue that occurs when the upper teeth protrude too far forward in relation to the lower teeth. This can cause a number of problems, including difficulty chewing and speaking, as well as an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

While an overbite can occur for a variety of reasons, it is often due to genetics or bad habits, such as thumb-sucking. Luckily, several treatment options are available for those who suffer from an overbite.

Orthodontic braces are the most common solution, but there are also surgically-based treatments that can be used in severe cases. No matter what treatment is used, correcting an overbite is essential to avoid long-term oral health problems.


An underbite is a malocclusion or bad bite that occurs when the lower teeth protrude past the upper teeth. The condition can be caused by genetics, poor dental hygiene, or thumb-sucking. It can also be the result of an injury to the face or jaws.

An underbite can lead to a number of problems, including difficulty chewing, pain in the jaw joints, and gum disease. In severe cases, it can also affect a person’s speech. Treatment for an underbite typically involves braces or surgery. In some cases, a retainer may be all that is needed to correct the problem. An underbite can be corrected with proper treatment, and the risk of future problems can be minimized.

Open bite

An open bite is a type of malocclusion or misalignment of the teeth. In an open bite, the front teeth do not touch when the mouth is closed. This can give the appearance of a gap between the teeth, even when the teeth are straight.

Open bites can be caused by genetic factors, thumb sucking, or over jetting (when the top teeth protrude too far forward). Treatment for an open bite will depend on the underlying cause. An open bite can also occur as a result of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). In this case, treatment may involve wearing a mouthguard or undergoing physical therapy.


Crossbite teeth are a type of dental malocclusion or a bad bite. It occurs when the teeth in the upper jaw sit behind the teeth in the lower jaw or vice versa. This can cause problems with chewing and speaking and can lead to tooth wear and gum disease. Crossbites can be treated with braces or other orthodontic devices, but it is crucial to catch them early. If you think you or your child may have a crossbite, be sure to see a dentist or orthodontist for an evaluation.

Common Causes of Malocclusion

Malocclusions, or irregularities in the alignment of the teeth and jaw, can have many different causes:

Types of Orthodontic Appliances for Treatment

There are a variety of orthodontic appliances that are used in the treatment of crooked teeth, misaligned jaws, and other issues with the alignment or positioning of the teeth. The type of orthodontic appliance used will depend on a patient’s individual needs and goals for treatment. It can be an aligner, spacers for teeth or retainers. 

Fixed Orthodontic Appliances

Fixed orthodontic appliances, or braces, are a common treatment option for patients with misaligned teeth. These devices work by applying gentle continuous pressure to specific teeth, which helps to gradually move them into the proper position. 

Types of Fixed Appliances

  • Braces

In the world of dentistry, one of the most common procedures is the application of different types of braces to correct crooked or misaligned teeth. Fixed braces, also known as dental appliances, consist of a series of brackets that are fixed to the teeth and held in place with wires and bands. These braces are typically used for more serious orthodontic issues, such as crowding or overbite. 

  • Space Maintainers

Space maintainers are a type of fixed dental appliance used to preserve the space in the mouth until permanent teeth erupt. They are typically recommended for young children who have lost primary teeth early due to injury or decay, as these lost teeth can cause bite problems and other health issues if left unattended.

Removable Orthodontic Appliances

While there are many different types of removeable appliances that are used to treat a variety of dental conditions, some of the most common include: 

Types of Removable Appliances

  • Headgear

 Headgear is typically used to correct issues with the alignment and growth of the jaw bones and teeth. It can take different forms, including soft straps that go around the head, rigid dental braces that fit on the back molars, or special bands that attach to the patient’s upper teeth. 

  • Retainers

Retainers are used both as part of orthodontic treatment and as a means of maintaining final tooth placement following treatment. Retainers also need to be replaced from time to time. The cos of retainer replacement depends on the type of retainer you wear. There are 2 types of retainers:

  • Active retainers – that employ pressure to put your teeth into the correct position
  • Passive retainers – only play a result conservation role

TMJ Splints & Jaw Repositioning Appliances

MJ splints or jaw repositioning appliances help to manage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders such as bruxism and overactive muscles in the jaw by holding the joints in a specific position for an extended period of time.

Evolution of Orthodontic Appliances

During the last few decades, the field of orthodontics has undergone a massive revolution. One of the most significant advancements has been the evolution of clear aligners.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners are a type of dental appliance that is often used to correct misaligned teeth or cracks and chips in the teeth.The best teeth aligners are made from a clear, flexible plastic material, these aligners comfortably rest over the teeth and can be easily removed for eating or cleaning. Not only do they help to realign crooked or uneven teeth over time, but they also do so without causing any pain or discomfort.

The Cost of Orthodontic Treatment

Thus how much is orthodontic treatment? The cost of orthodontic treatment is typically determined by several factors, including the complexity of the case, the materials used to perform the procedures, and insurance coverage.

Teeth Aligners $1100 - $2700
Clear Retainers$99 - $289
Removable Veneers$399 - $899
Instasmile Veneers$799 - $1499

What Are the Benefits of Orthodontic Treatments?

Orthodontic treatment benefits are undeniableand, both for the health of your teeth as well as for your overall well-being.

Does Dental Insurance Cover Orthodontics?

There is much debate about whether dental insurance actually covers orthodontics. Orthodontic treatment insurance normally includes and specifies the treatments that are covered. 

On one hand, traditional dental plans typically only cover basic treatments like cleanings and fillings, and orthodontics is often viewed as a purely cosmetic treatment. 

On the other hand, some newer versions of dental insurance specifically include orthodontic treatment in their coverage. Ultimately, whether or not your plan covers orthodontics will depend on its specific terms and conditions.

However, it is usually a good idea to talk to your dentist or insurance company prior to undergoing any significant orthodontic work to ensure that you are covered and that you get the most out of your benefits. 

Final Thoughts

While searching the perfect smile there are lots of doubts and uncertainties that arise. Can Invisalign fix bite issues or are braces a safe solution? Orthodontic treatment is a complex process and depending on the case and accuracy of diagnosis you can obtain the desired result. General understanding of the different types of orthodontic treatments and what each one can do for you may help you decide and start the treatment asap.  


Are you a candidate for orthodontics?

If you have overcrowded teeth, a protruding jaw, or a severe bite problem, then orthodontics may be the best solution for you. It's important to consult with an orthodontist to determine if orthodontics is the right treatment for you.

Do you need to schedule a visit to an orthodontist?

It depends on the severity of your misalignment and how much it bothers you. If you're not sure whether or not you need orthodontic treatment, it's best to consult with an orthodontist. They can evaluate your teeth and recommend the best course of action. Once the treatment is assigned, you will be guided if visits are necessary or not.

Are there risks in orthodontic treatment?

There are risks in orthodontic treatment, but they are generally minor and can be avoided by choosing a qualified orthodontist. The most common risks in orthodontic treatment are tooth and gum injury, pain, and swelling. In order to minimize these risks, it is important to choose an experienced orthodontist who uses the latest technology and follows rigorous safety protocols.

What radiograph is used for orthodontic treatment?

Panoramic radiographs are generally used in orthodontics to assess tooth position and the relationship of the teeth to the surrounding soft tissue, structures, and bones. This type of radiograph is also helpful in identifying impacted teeth, cysts, tumors, and other abnormalities.

What is interceptive orthodontic treatment?

Interceptive orthodontic treatment is a type of dental treatment that is used to correct alignment problems in young children. This type of treatment can help prevent more serious problems from developing later on, and it can also make the process of getting braces later on less difficult.

Why orthodontic treatment is necessary?

Orthodontic treatment is necessary because tooth alignment and jaw alignment are important for good oral health. It can help to correct crooked teeth and other bite problems.

Get our best Deals

Subscribe to our email list to get the lastest updates for your smile

(*) We promise we will never spam you

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.